Metatarsalgia: Causes and Treatment

When pain occurs in the ball of the foot it is often caused by Metatarsalgia, which is a fairly common affliction that develops when there is inflammation in the metatarsal area of the foot. While pain in the ball of the foot can occur for many reasons wearing high heels or having feet that inclined to over-pronate are the two most common causes of this condition. Knowing why your particular case of Metatarsalgia has occurred is essential for treatment, as reducing pain and inflammation is reliant on addressing the cause of the problem.

The most frequently reported symptoms associated with Metatarsalgia are a piercing pain in the ball of the foot that may be accompanied by a ‘burning’ feeling as well as the sensation that there is a stone in the shoe. Calluses also frequently develop on the ball of the foot from friction caused by uneven pressure points or ‘hot spots’. These types of hot spots are quite common when wearing high heels.

While the condition itself may be quite painful to experience it is often easy to treat, especially when the problem is addressed early on. Orthotic devices are frequently used to support the metatarsal bones and cushion any tender spots that may have developed over time. Orthotics are also extremely effective in correcting over-pronation and re-establishing correct alignment in the feet and lower limbs, thereby reducing tension and pain in the ball of the foot.

High Heels and Pain in the Ball of the Foot

High heels cause a multitude of problems for wearers primarily because of the way they are structured; wearing heels forces 80% of the body weight forward onto the forefoot, which not only places excessive pressure on the metatarsal bones but it negatively affects the surrounding ligaments and tissues as well. It is this excessive pressure placement and the subsequent development of friction points that causes calluses to develop in the metatarsal area of the foot.

These problems are compounded when the wearer must stand or walk for great distances or extended periods of time, which is quite common for women who routinely wear high heeled shoes for work and/or socializing.

It is not only the metatarsal area of the foot that is affected by the structure of the shoe however; the Achilles tendon is often injured through the excessive tightening of the calf muscles, which is one of the most common side effects of wearing heels. It is almost virtually guaranteed. Unfortunately, tight calf muscles cause a ‘pulling’ action to occur in the Achilles tendon, which will eventually impact the functioning of the entire foot.

As you can see, wearing high heels affects the entire limb, from the ball of the foot all the way to the back of the heel. The foot is one of the most complex areas of the body, and one part of this relatively small extremity is functioning at a sub-par level or is injured, it can negatively affect the rest of the body.

Treatment of Metatarsalgia

The best way to reduce pain in the ball of the foot is to wear proper footwear however; most women are unwilling to forego the wearing of heels for personal and professional reasons. While not all cases of Metatarsalgia are caused by wearing heels, many cases are directly related to this type of footwear. This is the primary reason why Dr Foot orthotics were created by a leading UK podiatrist. These particular orthotics were created to restore balance and optimum function to the lower limbs by caring for painful feet by providing maximum support to the entire foot, including the arch of the foot and the tender metatarsal area.

One of the primary benefits that Dr. Foot orthotics provide is the correct distribution of body weight over the entire foot, which reduces the amount of stress placed on pressure points on the ball of the foot, thereby reducing uncomfortable burning sensations and pain. Fans of the Dr Foot orthotics have repeatedly stated that these devices make it feel as though a low heel or no heel at all was being worn.

Over-Pronation and Metatarsalgia

Not all cases of heel pain are caused by wearing high heels—it can also be caused by running, dancing, and standing for long periods of time in hard, inflexible shoes. This is one of the reasons that teachers, security guards, soldiers, police officers and farmers are disproportionately affected by this condition. Carrying extra weight also puts excessive pressure on the balls of the feet and can contribute to the development of Metatarsalgia.

Despite the multitude of reasons that this type of pain may develop the second most common reason for the development of this type of pain is over-pronation of the feet, which means that the feet turn in too deeply or for an overly long period of time during that phase of the walking or running cycle. While both pronation and supination of the feet are a normal part of the gait cycle, when exaggerated both movements can become a problem.

Our feet are made up of 26 bones and a staggering array of supporting muscles and ligaments, and 5 of the most important bones in the font are found in the frontal metatarsal region. And while it appears that there is a single arch in each foot there is in fact two—the longitudinal arch, which runs from the toe to the heel of the feet, and the transverse arch, which runs across the foot.
Over-pronation of the feet can cause the longitudinal arch to collapse, which then allows the ankle joint to roll excessively to the inside every time the foot makes contact with the ground. Over-pronation leads to a disproportionate amount of tension being placed on the metatarsal bones. This in turn causes a collapse of the transverse arch, which can weaken the front portion of the foot and cause pain and inflammation in the ball of the foot.
Treatment of Metatarsalgia Caused by Over-Pronation

When treating pain in the ball of the foot it is crucial to minimize the amount of time spent on your feet—this includes time spent standing and walking. By reducing weight bearing activities inflammation is reduced, which is crucial to the healing process. Additionally, footwear must be supportive, well constructed, and provide adequate cushioning at the front of the foot, and going barefoot should be avoided.

Cold therapy (15 minutes of ice applied to the feet every 2 hours or so until pain and inflammation is reduced) is highly recommended. If calluses have formed on the ball of the foot and are causing any discomfort they should be removed as well. Severe or overly developed calluses should be removed by a professional; under no circumstances should you try to remove a callus with a blade or other sharp object.

Orthotic devices are to be highly recommended as well, as they are one of the leading tools in foot care. Orthotics correct sub-par foot functioning, help correct over-pronation of the feet and protect inflamed tissues from excessive friction and pressure. Dr Foot orthotics are top of the line devices that provide superior arch support and effectively reduce the amount of pressure placed on the ball of the foot, thereby significantly reducing the pain and discomforted caused by Metatarsalgia.

Dr Foot orthotics are specially designed to support the front of the foot and cushion the metatarsal bones of the foot, which is a unique design feature that is not included in pharmaceutical grade products. Metatarsalgia requires specifically designed orthotics, and Dr Foot offers a high quality solution for pain in the ball of your feet.

What You Should Know about Metatarsalgia
Metatarsalgia is a somewhat common foot disturbance which develops when one’s foot metatarsal area is inflamed. It can cause pain in the ball of the foot which may be caused by wearing stilettos too often, or one is wearing too tight shoes for several time periods. It is important to know the main cause of the Metatarsalgia because one can determine the best way to cure the problem properly. Usually, the most normally researched symptoms which are linked with this feet related problem is the ball of the foot piercing pain. Some patients can even feel ‘burning’ feeling likewise the feeling that they are stepping on small stones within their shoes. Corns can sometimes develop on it from rasping of rough pressure points which will be very common when a person is wearing high heels.

It is somewhat easy to deal with Metatarsalgia, especially when one can notice the symptoms earlier though the pain is unavoidable. For the best treatment, orthotic devices are mostly needed for giving support to the metatarsal bones. They are also needed to cushion some other sports which have grown up during the time pass by. Those devices are very effective in curing the over pronation while repairs proper alignment in the lower limbs and feet as well as lessening pain and tension which occur on the ball of the foot.

Pain and High Heels

There is no doubt that high heels can deliver various problems for shoe wearers mostly due to their structure. When a woman is wearing heels, the body is forced to weight forward onto her forefoot. It will be strong pressure to the metatarsal bones, yet it affects the tissues and ligaments surround the bones negatively likewise. Corns will develop on the area because of the strong pressure situation as well as the ensuing friction points development. Such problems are combined when the high heels walk or stand for longer period on long distances. High heels are women’s best friends on many occasions—from working to attending any event.

Not many women notice that when they are wearing high heels, it can affect the whole limb. As our foot covers the most complex body areas, and there will be a major impact of the our body when the limb is injured. High heels do not only affect foot metatarsal area but the Achilles tendon can suffer from strong injury if it is exposed to calf muscles tightening. When there is too much exposure on both Achilles tendon and metatarsal area, there will be a strong negative impact to the whole foot functioning.

Step by Step in Metatarsalgia Treatment

As women, high heels should be the compulsory footwear, no matter how uncomfortable it will deliver after they have worn them over longer time. Actually, wearing flat shoes are much better in reducing pain in the ball of the foot. It is true that not all Metatarsalgia cases are due to high heels as there are several examples are related directly to such kind of footwear. It can be the most important aspect why most reliable podiatrists of UK recommend Dr Foot orthotics. Those special orthotics were manufactured in restoring body balance as well as optimizing lower limb function on caring the painful feet by delivering total support to the whole foot. It includes the soft metatarsal area and foot arch.

One of the primary benefits that Dr Foot orthotics provide is the correct distribution of body weight over the entire foot, which reduces the amount of stress placed on pressure points on the ball of the foot, thereby reducing uncomfortable burning sensations and pain. Fans of the Dr Foot orthotics have repeatedly stated that these devices make it feel as though a low heel or no heel at all was being worn.

Over-Pronation and Metatarsalgia

Surely, high heels are not the only reason for causing heel pain. There are several other reasons such as jogging, standing, dancing and even standing for a longer time period when a person is wearing improper shoes. It can be one of several reasons why many people like police, farmers, teachers always have this kind of friction because their occupations urge them to carry extra weight also that forces strong pressure on the feet balls. This can lead to the Metatarsalgia.

Feet over-pronation is one of several reasons why such pain is developed. Our feet are too
Despite the multitude of reasons that this type of pain may develop the second most common reason for the development of this type of pain is over-pronation of the feet, which means that the feet turn in too severely turned in for the somewhat longer time period during the running or walking cycle phase. It is true that feet supination and pronation are normal activities though strong exposure on metatarsal area can bring major problems. This is because human’s feet are composed of overwhelming variety of supporting ligaments and muscles, 26 bones. Five important bones are located in the forward region on metatarsal area. When it seems that there is one arch in each of our foot, there are actually the longitudinal arch and the transverse arch. The first one runs from the toe to heel and the second runs athwart the foot.
Feet over-pronation may cause collapsed longitudinal arch that will let the ankle joint in rolling exceptionally to the inside each time our feet contact directly to the ground. Feet over pronation can lead to an inconsistent tension amount which is placed on the area of the metatarsal bones. It can case the transverse arch collapse that will weaken the foot front portion as well as causing ball of the foot to suffer from inflammation and pain.

Over-Pronation and Metatarsalgia Treatment

Actually, treating our ball of the foot pain is not that complicated as long as we can limit our time in spending too much time walking or standing that forces feet to work harder. The healing process can be obtained significantly when we reduce activities which involve weight bearing so that we can reduce the chance of suffering from inflammation. Another important thing is that our shoes should have good construction with supportive structure as they can deliver proper foot front cushioning. Walking barefoot may be avoided.

It is recommended to have a block of ice to apply on feet for every two hours until there is lessening inflammation and pain. Removing corns on the ball of the foot can be done if they cause any discomfort feeling. Yet, it should be noted that only professionals can remove severe corns and there is no way that anyone can remove it with sharp tools because it is too risky.

Orthotic devices will be recommended by most professionals as they can correct the functioning of sub-par foot. It is also beneficial in healing feet over-pronation as well as protecting inflamed tissues from too much pressure and friction. It is best to consider Dr Foot orthotics as it provides high class arch support which can lessen the pressure amount effectively on placed on the ball of the foot. This device can also reduce discomfort or any kind of pain due to Metatarsalgia significantly. This product is especially designed for giving foot support as well as giving comfort to the foot metatarsal bones. This product has the best solution for Metatarsalgia problem that needs exclusively manufactured orthotics.

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