Leg Pain: Types, Causes and Home Treatment

Leg pain is one of the more common health problems that people complain about. Leg pain can be a symptom of a serious disorder. Leg pain can be extremely irritating because it can last for a long period of time, hinder the performance of everyday activities, prevent sports, and can sometimes lead to serious consequences, dangerous to health.

People affected by it usually complain of pain and heaviness in the legs while performing everyday activities. Leg swelling, leg cramps, rapid tiring of legs when walking are also symptoms that people with sore feet complain about.

Leg Pain Causes

Many causes can lead to leg pain, and some factors are strained muscles, injuries, low bone density, improper posture, lack of calcium, etc. The most common causes that can contribute to the occurrence of leg pain are:

Peripheral arterial disease Leg Pain

The peripheral arterial disease leads to the narrowing of blood vessels due to a weakened blood flow in the legs. There may be blood clots that further inhibit blood flow and cause pain. Premature thickening of the arteries in hands and feet occurs in many patients younger than 55 years.


Sciatica (lumboischialgia) refers to the longest nerve in the human body that is thick as our thumb. It is composed of five smaller nerves and stretches from the lower spine, buttocks, and back of the leg to the feet. Anything that puts pressure on it or irritates it can cause pain.

The pain begins in the lower back and spreads, and can be present in the leg shin, or calf, where the pain is most expressed. People suffering from it have difficulty bending their legs at the knees; the pain may even occur in the other leg and go back to the source.

Sciatica can cause mild pain that can be kept under control by taking painkillers, but both numbness and pain can, however, become very strong and keep the patient home for days.


Osteomyelitis is an inflammation of bones that affects the joints and causes pain. The causes may be non-specific or specific (TB, syphilis, typhoid, leprosy), and, according to them, the disease is divided into two main categories – non-specific and specific infections (TB, syphilis, typhoid, leprosy). Treatment is surgical and conservative, and the success of treatment depends on timely diagnosis.

Peripheral neuropathy

Peripheral neuropathy is caused by an inflammation of peripheral nerves (nerves in the body, not in the brain and spinal cord). The damage sometimes occurs as a complication of long-term disorders such as diabetes, alcoholism, vitamin deficiency, or a tumor.

Likewise, many other damage causes are possible – excessive doses of certain drugs, exposure to certain chemicals (mercury, arsenic, or lead), etc. Peripheral neuropathy mainly affects diabetics and alcoholics. This disease can not be directly treated with medications or surgery.

If it is determined that the cause of nerve damage is some other disorder, a more thorough treatment of the basic disease should slow down or halt the progression of peripheral neuropathy. If toxic chemicals are the cause of the disorder, you should prevent exposure to the same.

Leg Pain Treatment

There are three key elements for healthy legs and their beautiful shape. They are muscle tone, the amount of fatty tissue, and skin condition. With a slight, but regular leg workout we can get healthy and beautifully carved legs with powerful muscles and good circulation in the legs.


Squatting, as an exercise that engages virtually the entire region below the waist, can do a lot for your legs. Depending on the position of the body and feet squatting engages different muscles of the leg.

Squatting is used to strengthen all areas of the leg muscles of the quadriceps and hamstrings and glutes. Whether it comes to normal squats, with the weight or deep squats, this kind of exercise will always have at least some kind of effect on the health and appearance of your legs.


Lunges exercise is fantastic! Depending on the method of execution, it engages different regions legs, but it requires balance and concentration, especially if done with the additional weight.

Leg workoutLunges to the front are performed like this: from standing position step out front, so that lunges length is the length of your legs, and then bend down your knee of “back” leg until it almost touches the ground. It is important both thighs and calves form a right angle. Return to the starting position and repeat the same thing with the other leg.

Lunges to the back require greater concentration and stability. It is performed virtually the same as the previous one, except that the initial movement is a step backward. Both kinds of lunges engage the front thigh and hamstring. For each step forward, the “front” leg is resting with the entire foot on the surface, and the “back” leg is resting on fingers.

Exercises for calves

Exercises for the calves can be performed in any situation and at any place. In the gym, you will use a device specifically designed to train these muscle groups, but you can achieve great results at home, practicing on the doorpost (the threshold).

What is important is heel to be lifted, so that when you lift on the fingers there is an effect of it. As for reps, you limit is yourself, and there are different variations so that you can practice outer and inner calf muscles.

In addition to the classic, try and lift even more, with your toes touching and heels apart, as well as opposite type-with your toes apart and heels touching. Exercises for calves can also be performed with weight at home.


The deadlift is a great exercise for the lumbar back and hamstrings. Stand with feet hip-width apart, with knees relaxed and legs somewhat bent, bend from the hips until your body is not parallel to the surface. The spine should be perfectly straight, so in the beginning, it would be good to practice in front of the mirror in profile.

With your hands fully stretched hold some kind of weight (a full bottle of water, for example) and slowly, from the hips, stand up to the full right position. The legs remain slightly bent at the knees. Return to the starting position.

Leg extension

Leg extension exercise is phenomenal for the front line. there is a machine with a seat and a roll placed at feet height in the gyms. Sit down upright, place your feet behind the roll set and pull the knee up. In the home version, you can sit down on a slightly higher chair or table, place some kind of weight on your ankles and do the same movement with both legs simultaneously or alternately.

Hip extension

Hip extension is an excellent exercise for the outside thigh. There are various types of machines in the gym for this exercise, so it is best to ask for advice and an explanation from trainers. In the home version, you can stand 40-60 cm apart from the wall, with your side facing the wall. Hold on to the wall with your hand, and the leg closer to the wall, lean against the wall with the foot, and push. Repeat with the other foot.

These are simple leg workouts but it would not hurt to consult your doctor and trainer at the gym on the choice and intensity of exercise for your legs.


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