According to the CDC, almost 24 million Americans have diabetes. This includes an estimated 6 million Americans that have diabetes but have not been diagnosed. Almost 40% of individuals with diabetes are age 65 and older.
Most individuals have type 2 diabetes. In type 2 diabetes the body produces insulin, but it does not produce enough of this hormone or the cells don’t respond to it appropriately. The result is elevated blood sugar and sometimes an elevated insulin level as well.
The blood sugar is high because the sugar is not being taken into the cells and utilized for energy properly. Most diabetics over the age of sixty have type 2 diabetes.
Diabetic Foot Pain Home Remedies
1. Wash Your feet Frequently
Wash your feet using warm water. Be careful not to use extremely hot water or you could end up burning your feet. We recommend getting a water thermometer for checking your temperature before dipping your feet. You could never be too careful.
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Foot soaks are not recommended for people with. Avoid using bleach, peroxide, or any other ingredients that have chemicals in them. Use only plain soap and water to clean your feet
2. Wear Diabetic Socks
Wear professionally knitted socks for diabetics. These socks have a wide base and are nonbinding meaning they don’t stick to your feet. The knitting is specifically made loose in order to let blood flow without any restrictions.
These socks have Moisture Wicking System. This keeps your feet always dry and feeling comfortable. Bamboo anti-bacterial and anti-odor natural properties inhibit bacteria and control foot odor. The bamboo fiber used in knitting is soft, reducing the chances of blisters occurring on your foot.
3. Wear Diabetic Shoes and Sandals
Always wear shoes even when indoors. Some of the features that make these shoes stand out include; a deep and wide toe box, a seam-free interior, an orthotic insole already included, perfect foot cushioning for the ball of the foot as well as the heel.
Take these steps to help prevent diabetic foot complications:
1. Check your feet every day! This is an absolute necessity. If you can’t reach your feet, have a friend or family member check your feet. If needed, put a mirror on the floor and put your foot over it to look for cuts, scrapes, bruises, openings, or areas of irritation. Make sure you check between your toes. Look for moist areas, white areas, or red areas. Look for anything unusual. If you see something unusual, make an appointment with your podiatrist.
2. Don’t walk around barefoot. Needles, tacks, broken glass, splinters of wood can be hidden in the carpet, even if you vacuum regularly. You can puncture a foot without sensation. Punctures can go unnoticed and develop into ulceration or infections.
3. Watch out for folds in your socks. Rough seams and small folds in the socks can cause areas of irritation that may lead to skin breakdown and ulceration.
4. Don’t be a victim of fashion. High fashion shoes usually lead to a high number of problems in the feet. Make sure the shoes are wide enough. Don’t buy shoes that are too wide or too long which can cause a lot of slipping. Pick shoes that are soft and flexible and allow for cushioning on the top and sides, but are rigid on the sole. Make sure they don’t fold in half. You may be eligible for your insurance to pay for diabetic extra-depth shoes with custom insoles. These shoes will take the pressure off your feet and help prevent ulcerations. Ask your doctor. General information for choosing shoes.
5. Check your bath water with a thermometer before you put your foot in it. The temperature your foot feels is much different from the temperature your hand feels when you have neuropathy. Make sure to check the temperature with your wrist. This will be much more accurate than testing the water with your foot.
6. Avoid medicated corn pads. Medicated corn pads contain acid and can be dangerous to diabetics. Yes, it will remove the corn, but there is a good chance it will also remove all the surrounding skin. What you will be left with is ulceration. Check foot products you buy to make sure they are safe for diabetics.
7. Dry between your toes. Increased moisture between your toes can lead to the skin breaking down or foot fungus. This can eventually lead to an ulcer between the toes. Ulcers between the toes go unnoticed for longer periods of time and can be difficult to treat.
8. Avoid cotton socks. Those white cotton socks you were told to wear for so many years are not the right socks for a diabetic. Cotton socks don’t wick moisture properly, they lose their elasticity quickly and have a greater chance for thick seams and bunching at the toes. Try synthetic socks, acrylic, small fiber wool socks, or diabetic socks. More information on socks.
9. Know your risk. Some diabetics do not have any loss of sensation or circulation in their feet. They are not at risk of developing ulceration and have a low risk of an infection becoming a problem. Others, have severe neuropathy or circulation problems and don’t know it. It’s important to know your risk. Make sure your primary care doctor evaluates your feet and uses a monofilament wire (thin wire to assess sensation) or refers you to a podiatrist.
10. Do not trim your own toenails, calluses, or corns. If you have a loss of sensation or blood supply then have your podiatrist trim your corns, calluses, or toenails for you every two months.
All these tips will help reduce your diabetic foot pain The most important aspect however is to visit your podiatrist at least once a month for up to date diagnosis.